Some sort of Competitive Evaluation of Smart Home Software Technologies in the Globe

The Smart Home Automation industry in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has been growing at a speedy speed given that its dawn above the final a number of several years. The market place is getting to be more and far more informed of the abilities of getting a comprehensive automation technique regardless of whether at the scale of personal residences, palaces, actual estate developments, and resorts. Many developments in Dubai and Abu Dhabi have presently been concluded with a pre-mounted automation system. Several developments in locations like Victory Heights, Arabian Ranches, Sports activities City, and Reem Island have also been built with infrastructure to assistance such systems in the foreseeable future.

In basic form, automation consists of systems that handle Lighting, Appliances, HVAC, Curtains and Multimedia. The market place in the UAE has not only begun to recognize the benefits in terms of comfort and ease, security, and luxury. But also in conditions of strength preserving and increasing property benefit, therefore all these realizations will proceed to lead to a booming market in the UAE.

As automation is fairly of a new technological innovation in the mainstream market, one particular need to be aware of the a great number of number of fundamental technologies that join and let for the communication among a user and the Mild Dimming Systems or Air Conditioning Programs. On the surface, these technologies may seem to be to direct to the same functionality, but in the back again-stop, they are different in possibly catastrophic approaches. This sales opportunities us to the reason why we began composing this post, that is, to shed gentle onto the professionals and negatives of the diverse technologies (regardless of product or seller) which are accessible in the UAE market place these days.

Any automation program is composed of 2 higher-degree elements, the controller, and the modules. The modules include gentle dimmers, relay switches, thermostats, motorized curtain manage systems, distributed speakers..and so forth. which are to be controlled by the home owner. The controller, is the coronary heart of the method from which indicators are sent to “Dim the lights” or “change on the air conditioning”. The technique of conversation in between the controller and the modules are the Automation Conversation Technological innovation which we want to handle in this post. The approach of interaction can possibly be through wires or wi-fi and are usually in line with specified protocols or standards of communication. This article will check out and assess KNX, X10, Zigbee, En-Ocean, and Z-wave.

The conditions for comparison which we will investigate are the subsequent:

Trustworthiness of Conversation: How dependable is the interaction amongst the Controller and the Modules? When a message is despatched to a module, the technique should make certain the message’s arrival and affirmation of receipt. Scoring well in this requirements is quite essential to guarantee that even underneath conditions of wired or wi-fi interference messages are resent until verified by the obtaining module. Not all protocols comply with this prerequisite.
Safety of Conversation: The protocol should ensure that a 3rd celebration can not infiltrate an current method and operate it with unauthorized accessibility. The benefits of a hacker entering a parking whole lot of a hotel and turning all its lights off is disastrous.
Characteristics and Capabilities: It is crucial that automation systems go outside of just controlling individual modules and have the capability to integrate with other programs most typically entertainment given that that is an region of high use of any property owner. Instance: Easy Integration with Multi-room Tunes Techniques, Multi-room multimedia distribution techniques (Films, Movies, Photographs, Songs)…etc.
Investment decision Protection: It is essential to make confident that put in Controller or Modules can be easily changed in the long term. Think about having put in a method that has some parts fail following five many years, and at the exact same time, the business which mounted it turned bankrupt. The house operator would be left with no choice but to totally revamp the entire electrical program in the home which would expense far more in time, labor, and equipment that what was initially paid out for the automation technique. Possessing a technique that is standardized signifies that any other company can assistance it or substitute certain areas with various items, possibly from different suppliers, in get to ensure continued operation.
Interoperability: This conditions refers to the capability of the Controller to communicate to multiple Modules from various manufacturers. This will make certain that a technique is created up with Lights, HVAC, Curtains, Appliances, and Multimedia Control Modules are bought from diverse makers which are the very best or most specialized in people fields. This guarantees that a technique has the best-in course Modules for every particular objective. It is not rational that the very best maker of mild dimmers is also the best producer of curtain manage programs, or audio techniques. Some conversation protocols are closed or proprietary, therefore forcing the consumer to buy everything from a solitary producer. This requirements also overlaps with the Investment decision Safety Criteria since obtaining an interoperable system will give foreseeable future overall flexibility to easily replace Modules even if the firm which mounted them has shut down.

The remainder of this doc will deal with each conversation engineering dependent on the over standards.


KNX is an worldwide regular of interaction typically put in in wired twisted pair environments. KNX was developed in 1990 and was made as a very sturdy protocol to be utilized in industrial automation programs. The protocols reliability cannot be questioned considering that it implements several OSI interaction levels and is quite complicated. KNX is also managed by the KNX association and any business normally spends hundreds of dirhams on their employees to go via education in get to comprehend the inner workings of the method. KNX is a intricate protocol by mother nature, and was created prolonged before the “intelligent home” concept was born, thus the components that has the capacity to assist the complexity of KNX is pricey not only to engineer, but also to manufacture and hence the hopes for this technologies to grow to be less costly than its present alternatives is futile.

KNX has and is a popular option for hotels because 2006 and has been deployed in many developments this kind of as the Shangri-la in Dubai, Rotana Lodges in the Marina, Fairmont, Movenpick to title a few. KNX is also becoming specified by numerous real estate consultants for key developments in the Abu Dhabi Reem Island and Yas Island.

Dependability of Conversation: Of course
Security of Conversation: Of course
Price tag: No
Functions and Capabilities: No. KNX has been a lot more concentrated at the basic facility of automation and normally suits in resort environments in which customization and multimedia integration is not required.
Investment decision Protection: Of course
Interoperability: Indeed


X10 is an international open up regular created in 1975 by Pico Electronics of Scotland, in buy to allow distant manage of residence gadgets and appliances. It mostly uses the 220Vpower line wiring for sending messages amongst the Controller and the Modules (Lights, HVAC…and so forth).

X10 has only receyved some reputation a lot of several years back when automation engineering commenced being introduced in the UAE. And was generally put in in little villa undertaking then was gradually discontinued due to its trustworthiness concerns.

Trustworthiness of Interaction: No. Because it is susceptible to interference from numerous sources like transformers, motors normally identified in TVs, washing devices, supporters…etc. Also, messages from Controller to Modules are never ever acknowledged so there is no two-way conversation.
Protection of Conversation: No. If a third get together can faucet into the powerline of a property, messages can very easily be sent to manage no matter what the 3rd celebration needs.
Price tag: Of course
Features and Capabilities: Of course. This engineering can easily be integrated into Personal computer primarily based systems and many choices are available to give function prosperous abilities for residential applications.
Expense Security: Yes
Interoperability: Indeed


ZigBee is an open wi-fi community communication protocol dependent on the IEEE specification IEEE 802.fifteen.4, which allows the Controller to talk with its Modules via Radio Frequency. The normal is a growth of the ZigBee Alliance, which was launched in the end of 2002. It is an sector alliance of much more than 230 enterprises who just take up the worldwide advancement of this technology. The initial ZigBee products arrived on the industry in the commencing of 2005. Since Zigbee standardises only the decrease protocol levels (radio layer), the diverse makers have defined their personal greater software program layers. As a outcome ZigBee products of various companies are not compatible with each other.

Trustworthiness of Interaction: Of course. A wi-fi mesh network is designed and makes certain numerous route routing to every module which translates to prolonged reach, and large reliability in scenario of interference or even in situation of in-path gadget failure.
Safety of Conversation: No. Zigbee employs weak hashing algorithms and has been investigated to be penetrable. Penetration is not straightforward but application equipment this kind of as “Killerbee” exist and can allow any person with tiny Linux and scripting experience to hack into an current Zigbee network.
Value: No
Features and Capabilities: Yes
Expenditure Defense: Indeed
Interoperability: No


EnOcean is a wi-fi radio frequency based mostly, energy harvesting technology utilised largely in constructing automation methods. It is not established out for global, European or national standardization however, EnOcean GmbH is offering its technological innovation and licenses for the patented functions under license in the EnOcean Alliance framework. The principle was designed to enable batteryless sensors and switches for building automation. Which is questionable in conditions of vitality preserving simply because present choices can eat as small as 500W for every 60 storey tower in automation gadgets.

EnOcean based mostly systems have been set up in some large initiatives this kind of as the Abu Dhabi Central Market place, the Dubai Monetary Centre…etc.

Reliability of Communication: No, En-Ocean does not provide 2-way conversation amongst the Controller and its Modules. Also the Controller is at a star community with the Modules and there is no wi-fi meshing, this one particular-to-one signal mapping can drastically fall short in times of large interference.
Protection of Conversation: Yes
Cost: No, En-Ocean prices are much more aligned with KNX.
Attributes and Capabilities: No. Supported but not but observed in the market place.
Expense Protection: Sure
Interoperability: Sure


Amid all the previously mentioned protocols, Z-wave ranks the very best so considerably. The strength of Z-wave lies in the huge number of various goods from different producers as nicely as the really robust, 2-way, meshed, and secured wireless communication. Z-wave chips also eat a 10mW at peak and are minimal cost when compared to all other alternatives. Why? since Z-wave has been at first created for residential programs.

Z-wave is considered as the up coming era of Intelligent Residence Engineering and solution strains have began to arise from massive gamers this kind of as Honeywell and Schneider Electric powered. This technological innovation is not only characteristic full, trustworthy and protected, but will be provided at competitive rates and investment decision security for tasks of any size beginning with personal villas all the way to huge real estate towers. As of right now, Z-wave has been deployed in many villas in the UAE at an person scale. GHV -wave is also commencing to make its way through numerous of the massive tenders for developments throughout the Emirates.

Dependability of Interaction: Of course
Stability of Communication: Yes
Price tag: Indeed
Characteristics and Abilities: Yes
Investment Defense: Indeed
Interoperability: Sure

Shifra Wise Properties is a Wise Property remedies supplier based out of the Dubai World wide web Town in the UAE. With a focus on consumer experience, Shifra Smart Homes is making a revolution in the property automation market by bridging the entire world of dispersed media (music, photographs, video clips and motion pictures) with refined handle techniques for lighting, appliances, curtains, security, air conditioning, IR systems, and multi-area audio.

Leave a Reply